Writing-related Resources

The third section of useful links contains resources to help improve how we write. The categories are:

Collocations, Corpora,

Digital Journals,

Digital Libraries,

EncyclopaediasReferencing & Citation, Style Guides,

Thesauri, Writing and Other Word Tools.

The other four sections are: general dictionaries and glossaries; subject-specific dictionaries and glossaries; translation-related tools and links; and other links of interest.

* can be accessed free by Cambridge University alumni

Last updated October 2020


  1. DiCE Diccionario de Colocaciones del Español
  2. Dictionnaire des Collocations
  3. Dictionnaire des Cooccurrences
  4. Online Collocation Dictionary
  5. Ozdic collocation dictionary

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  1. A Collection of English Corpora
  2. AntConc freeware corpus analysis toolkit for concordancing and text analysis by Laurence Anthony
  3. BootCaT Bootstrap Corpora and Terms from the Web
  4. British National Corpus
  5. British Parliament (Hansard) Corpus
  6. BYU-BNC British National Corpus
  7. BYU Wikipedia Corpus YouTube Overview of this corpus
  8. COCA The Corpus of Contemporary American English
  9. COHA The Corpus of Historical American English
  10. CORDE Corpus Diacrónico del Español by the Real Academia Española
  11. Coronavirus Corpus
  12. Corpus.BYU.EDU Corpora created by Mark Davies, BYU
  13. Corpus of Canadian English (Strathy)
  14. Corpus del español siglos XIII-XX
  15. Corpus del español del siglo XXI
  16. CREA Corpus de Referencia del Español Actual by the Real Academia Española
  17. English-Corpora.org List of over 15 corpora
  18. GloWbe Corpus of Global Web-based English
  19. Google Books American, British and Spanish
  20. Google Books Ngram Viewer displays graph showing how phrases have occurred in a corpus of books
  21. Google Scholar
  22. IntelliText Intelligent Tools for Creating and Analysing Electronic Text Corpora for Humanities Research by CTS (University of Leeds)
  23. iWeb: The Intelligent Web-based Corpus
  24. Juremy EU Legal Terminology Search
  25. OPUS open source parallel corpus
  26. PERC Corpus Online academic journal texts compiled as part of Professional English Research Consortium project
  27. The Sketch Engine – Corpus Query System (subscription required)
  28. Springer Exemplar discover how a particular term or phrase is used in scientific literature
  29. TIME Magazine corpus 1923-2006
  30. WebCorp

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Digital Journals

  1. AERA Open American Educational Research Association – articles on education
  2. Cambridge Core journals and books online*
  3. DOAJ Directory of Open Access Journals – an online directory
  4. Emerald Insight covering fields of management, business, education, library studies, health care and engineering*
  5. Google Scholar
  6. IOS Press journals and books related to scientific, technical and medical (STM) research*
  7. JoSTrans The Journal of Specialised Translation
  8. JSTOR Journal Storage, a digital library (subscription required to access most content)*
  9. Karger Publishers scientific and medical journals and books*
  10. OpenEdition Journals for humanities and social sciences
  11. Project MUSE humanities and social sciences resources*
  12. Redalyc Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal
  13. SAGE Journals articles on social and behavioural sciences and humanities*
  14. Springer journals, books, series, protocols and reference works
  15. Taylor & Francis Online includes Routledge (advanced search & often pay per article)

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Digital Libraries

  1. Adam Matthew Digital primary sources for teaching and research in humanities and social sciences*
  2. Bartleby.com free access to books and information on the Web
  3. Biblioteca Digital Hispánica Biblioteca Nacional de España
  4. Blinkist non-fiction book-summarising subscription service (7-day free trial; from £4.99 per month)
  5. Cambridge Core journals and books online*
  6. COPAC UK and Irish academic, national and specialist library catalogues
  7. EBSCO Education Research Databases*
  8. Europeana the new home of the European Library
  9. Google Books
  10. HathiTrust Digital Library a partnership of academic and research institutions
  11. Internet Archive non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, etc.
  12. Issuu digital publishing platform for magazines, catalogues, newspapers and other publications
  13. Media History Digital Library
  14. Medieval and Early Modern Sources Online (MEMSO)*
  15. OECD iLibrary all OECD publications and statistics since 1998*
  16. OpenEdition Books for humanities and social sciences, over half are open access
  17. PDF Drive search engine of free PDF ebooks and files
  18. ProQuest journals, newspapers, reports, working papers,
  19. ResearchGate
  20. SAGE Research Methods books, dictionaries, encyclopaedia, video, journal articles, etc. on research methods*
  21. Scribd e-books, audiobooks, magazines, documents and films (subscription required; 30-day free trial)
  22. Virtual Library of Musicology

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  1. Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias searches several resources
  2. Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias German version of the above
  3. Credo Reference (subscription required)*
  4. Encyclopaedia Britannica (subscription required – can be accessed with UK library card)
  5. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  6. Larousse Encylopédie
  7. The Literary Encyclopedia repository of reference work on literature, history and culture (subscription required)
  8. Oxford Research Encyclopedias (subscription required for some; Business and Management, Global Public Health, Planetary Science, Economics and Finance and Neuroscience are free)
  9. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  10. Wikipedia also useful for looking up terms in other languages

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Referencing & Citation

  1. APA Style 6th Edition Resources American Psychological Association
  2. Cite It In generates citations for APA, MLA and Chicago systems
  3. Citing & Referencing: Harvard Style Imperial College London (PDF)
  4. Harvard Citations Skills@Library – Leeds University
  5. Harvard Referencing University of Sheffield
  6. Harvard System Anglia Ruskin University (includes PDF download)
  7. Harvard style reference lists and bibliographies Skills@Library – Leeds University
  8. Referencing and Citation Styles Harvard, APA 6th, Vancouver, AJARE, Chicago 17th A, etc. – University of Sydney
  9. Referencing with Harvard University College London

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Style Guides

  1. The ACS Style Guide (pay to view)
  2. AMA Manual of Style American Medical Association
  3. APA Style American Psychological Association
  4. Apple Style Guide
  5. The Associated Press (AP) Stylebook
  6. The ATA Chronicle Style Guide
  7. Australian Government Style Manual
  8. BBC News Style Guide links to a page where you can download a Word copy (PDF copy link)
  9. Bristol University
  10. The California State University Branding Standards Guide
  11. The Canadian Style
  12. Chicago Manual of Style
  13. Disability Language Style Guide National Center on Disability and Journalism
  14. EASE Guidelines for Authors and Translators of Scientific Articles to be Published in English free PDFs in multiple languages
  15. English Style Guide – European Commission A handbook for authors and translators
  16. Eurofound Style Guide European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
  17. European Union Interinstitutional Style Guide
  18. Government Digital Service Style Guide for all content published on GOV.UK
  19. GPO Style Manual United States Government Publishing Office
  20. Guardian and Observer Style Guide
  21. Guidelines for Nonhandicapping Language in APA Journals
  22. Microsoft Writing Style Guide
  23. MLA Formatting and Style Guide Purdue University
  24. National Geographic Style Manual
  25. Plain Language Commission
  26. The Reuters Style Guide
  27. The Savvy Newcomer Style Guide
  28. SYbIL Style Guide Spanish Yearbook of International Law
  29. Talking about Disability – A Style Guide Buckinghamshire Disability Service
  30. Tameri Guide for Writers Stylebook US usage
  31. Telegraph Style Book
  32. Twentieth Century British History Oxford Journals
  33. United Nations Editorial Manual Online
  34. University of Cambridge Editorial Style Guide
  35. University of Oxford Style Guide
  36. University of Technology Sydney Publications Style Guide
  37. V&A Style Guide for Gallery Texts
  38. Vancouver Citing and Referencing Style Imperial College
  39. Wikipedia Manual of Style
  40. World Bank Editorial Style Guide
  41. World Bank Translation Style Guide
  42. The Yahoo! Style Guide

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  1. AntonymFor.com provides list of opposites for English words
  2. Collins Thesaurus
  3. Diccionario de sinónimos en español
  4. Diccionario de Sinónimos y Antónimos
  5. Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos Busca Palabra
  6. Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos que-significa.com
  7. Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos WordReference
  8. Ideas Afines ideas, palabras, conceptos y términos relacionados
  9. OneLook Thesaurus and Reverse Dictionary
  10. Power Thesaurus crowdsourced thesaurus built by a community of writers
  11. Rhyme Zone for rhymes, synonyms, definitions, etc.
  12. TheSage English Dictionary and Thesaurus (free software to download)
  13. Thesaurus.com
  14. Thinkmap Visual Thesaurus
  15. UNBIS Thesaurus United Nations Bibliographical Information System
  16. UNESCO Thesaurus English, French, Russian and Spanish
  17. Urban Thesaurus
  18. UK Archival Thesaurus
  19. Word Hippo similar or opposite words
  20. WordWeb English Dictionary and Thesaurus (free and paid software to download)

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  1. Academic Phrasebank University of Manchester
  2. Academic Phrasebank Ref-N-Write
  3. Antidote, a writing assistance tool for French and English (€119)
  4. Capitalize My Title Chicago, AP, MLA, NY Times, etc.
  5. Claire’s Clear Writing Tips European Commission
  6. FocusWriter a distraction-free writing environment
  7. Ginger writing app with grammar checker, dictionary and translation tool
  8. Glossary of Writing Terms and Definitions
  9. Grammarly online proofreading tool that checks grammar, punctuation and style
  10. Guide to Punctuation University of Sussex
  11. Guidelines for contractors translating into English European Commission Translation Resources
  12. Hemingway Editor ($19.99)
  13. Improve Your Writing University of Bristol
  14. Language Tool grammar, spelling and style software for over 20 languages
  15. Ludwig find your sentence in context, paraphrase your sentence, discover missing word, compare frequency of words or two sentences, etc.
  16. Misused English Words and Expression in EU Publications Translation Directorate
  17. OmmWriter distraction-free writing environment with natural backgrounds and sounds
  18. PerfectIt Proofreading Software for Professionals (free 30-day trial; cost: $99)
  19. ProWritingAid improve readability and eliminate errors (free version or cost from $40/year)
  20. Readability Checker the tool checks writing against the Flesch-Kincaid reading ease score, the Gunning Fog score and the SMOG index
  21. Readable.io for measuring and improving readability of documents or websites (from $3 per month)
  22. Repetition Detector detects repetitions in texts; software in en and fr but works with da, de, es, fi, is, it, nl, no, pt, sv (free 30-day trial; cost: $7.40)
  23. Stilus spelling and grammar checker for Spanish (free trial; cost from €29.95/year)
  24. StyleWriter editing and proofreading software for plain English (free trial available; from $90 per month)
  25. WordRake edits for clarity in Microsoft Word and Outlook (from $129 per year)
  26. Writefull improves any academic text by correcting grammar, vocabulary, punctuation and more
  27. Writemonkey a stripped-down writing application so you can concentrate on your thoughts
  28. The Writer’s Diet tool to discover whether your writing is flabby or fit
  29. Writer’s Digest write better, get published
  30. Writers Online advice, competitions, courses, etc.

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Other Word Tools

  1. Acronym Finder
  2. Diatopix shows graphic distribution of words, terms and expressions
  3. Edifix online bibliographic reference solution for meeting style requirements (from $39.95 per month)
  4. How Many Syllables
  5. Said What? over 22,000 quotes and proverbs
  6. TextExpander inserts snippets of text from repository of emails, boilerplate, etc., with quick search or abbreviation (from $3.33 per month)
  7. Title Case Converter
  8. WordbyLetter.com search for words beginning or ending with a specific letter
  9. Word Unscrambler unscramble letters, scrabble calculator, anagram solver, find words that start or end with certain letters
  10. Word Unscrambler/Anagram Solver/Random Word Generator

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