Writing-related Resources

The third section of useful links contains resources to help improve how we write. The categories are:

Collocations, Corpora,

Digital Journals,

Digital Libraries,

EncyclopaediasStyle Guides, Thesauri, Writing

and Other Word Tools.

The other four sections are: general dictionaries and glossaries; subject-specific dictionaries and glossaries; translation-related tools and links; and other links of interest.

Last updated April 2020


  1. DiCE Diccionario de Colocaciones del Español
  2. Dictionnaire des Collocations
  3. Dictionnaire des Cooccurrences
  4. Online Collocation Dictionary
  5. Ozdic collocation dictionary

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  1. A Collection of English Corpora
  2. AntConc freeware corpus analysis toolkit for concordancing and text analysis by Laurence Anthony
  3. BootCaT Bootstrap Corpora and Terms from the Web
  4. British National Corpus
  5. British Parliament (Hansard) Corpus
  6. BYU-BNC British National Corpus
  7. BYU Wikipedia Corpus YouTube Overview of this corpus
  8. COCA The Corpus of Contemporary American English
  9. COHA The Corpus of Historical American English
  10. CORDE Corpus Diacrónico del Español by the Real Academia Española
  11. Corpus.BYU.EDU Corpora created by Mark Davies, BYU
  12. Corpus of Canadian English (Strathy)
  13. Corpus del español siglos XIII-XX
  14. Corpus del español del siglo XXI
  15. CREA Corpus de Referencia del Español Actual by the Real Academia Española
  16. GloWbe Corpus of Global Web-based English
  17. Google Books American, British and Spanish
  18. Google Books Ngram Viewer displays graph showing how phrases have occurred in a corpus of books
  19. Google Scholar
  20. IntelliText Intelligent Tools for Creating and Analysing Electronic Text Corpora for Humanities Research by CTS (University of Leeds)
  21. Juremy EU Legal Terminology Search
  22. OPUS open source parallel corpus
  23. PERC Corpus Online academic journal texts compiled as part of Professional English Research Consortium project
  24. The Sketch Engine – Corpus Query System (subscription required)
  25. Springer Exemplar discover how a particular term or phrase is used in scientific literature
  26. TIME Magazine corpus 1923-2006
  27. WebCorp

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Digital Journals

  1. AERA Open American Educational Research Association – articles on education
  2. Cambridge Core journals and books online
  3. DOAJ Directory of Open Access Journals – an online directory
  4. Google Scholar
  5. JoSTrans The Journal of Specialised Translation
  6. JSTOR Journal Storage, a digital library (subscription required to access most content)
  7. OpenEdition Journals for humanities and social sciences
  8. Redalyc Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal
  9. SAGE Open articles on social and behavioural sciences and humanities
  10. Springer journals, books, series, protocols and reference works
  11. Taylor & Francis Online includes Routledge (advanced search & often pay per article)

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Digital Libraries

  1. Bartleby.com free access to books and information on the Web
  2. Biblioteca Digital Hispánica Biblioteca Nacional de España
  3. Cambridge Core journals and books online
  4. COPAC UK and Irish academic, national and specialist library catalogues
  5. The European Library
  6. Google Books
  7. HathiTrust Digital Library a partnership of academic and research institutions
  8. Internet Archive non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, etc.
  9. Issuu digital publishing platform for magazines, catalogues, newspapers and other publications
  10. Media History Digital Library
  11. OpenEdition Books for humanities and social sciences, over half are open access
  12. PDF Drive search engine of free PDF ebooks and files
  13. ResearchGate
  14. Scribd e-books, audiobooks, magazines, documents and films (subscription required; 30-day free trial)
  15. Virtual Library of Musicology

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  1. Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias searches several resources
  2. Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias German version of the above
  3. Encyclopaedia Britannica (subscription required – can be accessed with UK library card)
  4. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  5. Larousse Encylopédie
  6. The Literary Encyclopedia repository of reference work on literature, history and culture (subscription required)
  7. Oxford Research Encyclopedias (subscription required for some; Business and Management, Global Public Health, Planetary Science, Economics and Finance and Neuroscience are free)
  8. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  9. Wikipedia also useful for looking up terms in other languages

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Style Guides

  1. The ACS Style Guide (pay to view)
  2. AMA Manual of Style American Medical Association
  3. APA Style American Psychological Association
  4. Apple Style Guide
  5. The Associated Press (AP) Stylebook
  6. The ATA Chronicle Style Guide
  7. BBC News Style Guide links to a page where you can download a Word copy (PDF copy link)
  8. Bristol University
  9. The California State University Branding Standards Guide
  10. The Canadian Style
  11. Chicago Manual of Style
  12. Cite It In generates citations for APA, MLA and Chicago systems
  13. Disability Language Style Guide National Center on Disability and Journalism
  14. EASE Guidelines for Authors and Translators of Scientific Articles to be Published in English free PDFs in multiple languages
  15. English Style Guide – European Commission A handbook for authors and translators
  16. Eurofound Style Guide European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
  17. European Union Interinstitutional Style Guide
  18. Government Digital Service Style Guide for all content published on GOV.UK
  19. GPO Style Manual United States Government Publishing Office
  20. Guardian and Observer Style Guide
  21. Guidelines for Nonhandicapping Language in APA Journals
  22. Harvard Citations Skills@Library – Leeds University
  23. Harvard Referencing System Staffordshire University (PDF downloads)
  24. Harvard System Anglia Ruskin University (includes PDF download)
  25. Harvard style reference lists and bibliographies Skills@Library – Leeds University
  26. Microsoft Writing Style Guide
  27. MLA Formatting and Style Guide Purdue University
  28. National Geographic Style Manual
  29. Plain Language Commission
  30. The Reuters Style Guide
  31. The Savvy Newcomer Style Guide
  32. SYbIL Style Guide Spanish Yearbook of International Law
  33. Talking about Disability – A Style Guide Buckinghamshire Disability Service
  34. Tameri Guide for Writers Stylebook US usage
  35. Telegraph Style Book
  36. Twentieth Century British History Oxford Journals
  37. United Nations Editorial Manual Online
  38. University of Cambridge Editorial Style Guide
  39. University of Oxford Style Guide
  40. University of Technology Sydney Publications Style Guide
  41. V&A Style Guide for Gallery Texts
  42. Vancouver Citing and Referencing Style Imperial College
  43. Wikipedia Manual of Style
  44. World Bank Editorial Style Guide
  45. World Bank Translation Style Guide
  46. The Yahoo! Style Guide

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  1. AntonymFor.com provides list of opposites for English words
  2. Collins Thesaurus
  3. Diccionario de sinónimos en español
  4. Diccionario de Sinónimos y Antónimos
  5. Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos WordReference
  6. Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos Busca Palabra
  7. Ideas Afines ideas, palabras, conceptos y términos relacionados
  8. OneLook Thesaurus and Reverse Dictionary
  9. Power Thesaurus crowdsourced thesaurus built by a community of writers
  10. Rhyme Zone for rhymes, synonyms, definitions, etc.
  11. TheSage English Dictionary and Thesaurus (free software to download)
  12. Thesaurus.com
  13. Thinkmap Visual Thesaurus
  14. UNBIS Thesaurus United Nations Bibliographical Information System
  15. UNESCO Thesaurus English, French, Russian and Spanish
  16. Urban Thesaurus
  17. UK Archival Thesaurus
  18. Word Hippo similar or opposite words
  19. WordWeb English Dictionary and Thesaurus (free and paid software to download)

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  1. Antidote, a writing assistance tool for French and English (€119)
  2. Claire’s Clear Writing Tips European Commission
  3. FocusWriter a distraction-free writing environment
  4. Ginger writing app with grammar checker, dictionary and translation tool
  5. Glossary of Writing Terms and Definitions
  6. Grammarly online proofreading tool that checks grammar, punctuation and style
  7. Guide to Punctuation University of Sussex
  8. Guidelines for contractors translating into English European Commission Translation Resources
  9. Hemingway Editor ($19.99)
  10. Improve Your Writing University of Bristol
  11. Language Tool grammar, spelling and style software for over 20 languages
  12. Misused English Words and Expression in EU Publications Translation Directorate
  13. PerfectIt Proofreading Software for Professionals (free 30-day trial; cost: $99)
  14. ProWritingAid improve readability and eliminate errors (free version or cost from $40/year)
  15. Readability Checker the tool checks writing against the Flesch-Kincaid reading ease score, the Gunning Fog score and the SMOG index
  16. Readable.io for measuring and improving readability of documents or websites (from $3 per month)
  17. Repetition Detector detects repetitions in texts; software in en and fr but works with da, de, es, fi, is, it, nl, no, pt, sv (free 30-day trial; cost: $7.40)
  18. Stilus spelling and grammar checker for Spanish (free trial; cost from €29.95/year)
  19. StyleWriter editing and proofreading software for plain English (free trial available; from $90 per month)
  20. WordRake edits for clarity in Microsoft Word and Outlook (from $129 per year)
  21. Writemonkey a stripped-down writing application so you can cocnentrate on your thoughts
  22. The Writer’s Diet tool to discover whether your writing is flabby or fit
  23. Writer’s Digest write better, get published
  24. Writers Online advice, competitions, courses, etc.

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Other Word Tools

  1. Acronym Finder
  2. Answer the Public free visual keyword research tool
  3. Diatopix shows graphic distribution of words, terms and expressions
  4. Edifix online bibliographic reference solution for meeting style requirements (from $39.95 per month)
  5. How Many Syllables
  6. Said What? over 22,000 quotes and proverbs
  7. TextExpander inserts snippets of text from repository of emails, boilerplate, etc., with quick search or abbreviation (from $3.33 per month)
  8. Title Case Converter
  9. WordbyLetter.com search for words beginning or ending with a specific letter
  10. Word Unscrambler unscramble letters, scrabble calculator, anagram solver, find words that start or end with certain letters
  11. Word Unscrambler/Anagram Solver/Random Word Generator

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